Kanha National Park is the only national park in the country which is an amazing home to more than 200 species of flowering plants. Here you can experience an amazing vividness in nature. kanha National Park is a low land forest which has mixture of mixed forest trees, Sal (Shores robusta) mingled with beautiful meadows. The growth of the varied and rich flora in Kanha National Park are supported by varied topography, moderate and favorable climate.in Kanha National Park, you will get the opportunity to spot over 70 species of trees.
Its such a beautiful place that it is truly considered to be a Kipling’s world which compelled him to have such a magnificent imagination. Around the vicinity of Kanha National Park, there is a perfect place and perfect habitat for the jungle beings. So due to its numerous vegetative attractions, a large number of jungle beings are found in their natural habitat. In the highland forest area of Kanha there is a tropica moist dry deciduous type of forest where you can easily find the most popular Indian Ghost Tree( Kullu). On the slopes you can spot bamboo ( Dendrocalamusstrictus) with a difference.
Kind of Forest Area in and around the Kanha Tiger Reserve:
- Southern Tropical Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest ( 3 A/C 2a)
- Moist Peninsular Sal Forest (3C/C2)
- Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Mixed Forest (5A/C-3)
Kanha Reserve and its Major Flora:
Saja, Sal, Lendia, Tendu, pAlas, Dhawa, Bija, Mahua, Aonla, Bamboo and Achar.Besides all these, there are numbers of species of forbs, climbers and grass.
Here you can find different species of grass which are said to be an essential featured species for the survival of Barasingha (Cervus duvaucelibranderi) in the kanha national park. Apart from this grass, you can also spot numbers of aquatic plants in tal (lake) which are said to be a life line for the wetland species and migratory birds.
Under the MP forestry Project, continuous some eco development projects are organized in order to preserve the flora of Kanha National Park. These programs are organized especially for the buffer zone of the Kanha which are organized by some eco-development committees. It includes 25 EDCs in the core zone and 106 in buffer zone of kanha along with the Reserve Management.
Entire villages surrounding the Kanha National Park are in advantageous position and a very supporting hand in preserving the floras of Kanha National Park. Some of the eco-development components are:
- Promoting the activities to generate the incomes from the use of the non-forest resources.
- Taking some important steps to break the barriers between the related sectors and the forest.
- Regeneration, Protection and enhancing the productivity of the resources which comes under the forest zone. Offering security to the villagers when they offer their services in assembling the resources like fuel wood, MFP, timber, and fodder.